5; Paus. Carm. Mon. ).The entire surface of the shaft is covered with reliefs, arranged on a spiral band, which varies in width from about go centimetres at the bottom to nearly 1.25 metre at the top. Here must have been situated the church of S. Salvator de Divitiis or in Cryptis (HCh 438).Two drawings by Cronaca (?) Aug. Marc. Die neusten Forum Traiani Beiträge. min. I : in basilica Traiani; Geog. The land was cleared already by Domitian, who was obviously preparing to build a large structure, if not his own forum. 8; Numer. ed. Consider sponsoring us with a tax-deductable donation today:Forum Vespasian & Templum Pacis (Forum of Vespasian & Temple of Peace) From north to south and from east to west.

VIIi), and was a columna centenaria, like the COLUMN OF M. It was surmounted by a six-horse chariot, in which stood the emperor crowned by Victory . The height of shaft and pedestal together is 38 metres, which corresponds with the figures of the Notitia (columnam cochlidem altampedes cxxviii semis (Cur. Or vice versa.We love Italy for its history, culture and art, for its people, landscapes, cuisine and for its relaxed style of living.Over time, we visited over 100 Italian cities and, as tourists, we looked for the best transport and accommodation solutions, at the best possible prices.We created this website to help some of the millions of tourists arriving each year in Italy.If you have any questions about Italy or you are looking for an advice, send us an e-mail at If you have a place worth knowing, an event you want to promote or a useful service, add your listing in our directory.Venice is probably the most beautiful city in Italy, but what are the most beautiful things in Venice? State archives, such as the edicts of the praetors and the libri lintei, or acts of the emperors, were kept here (Hist. The great hall of the basilica was surrounded with a double row of columns, 96 in all, probably of white or yellow marble, with Corinthian capitals, which formed two aisles 5 metres wide, and supported a gallery on both sides of the nave and at the ends. 19. Assoc. ad a. Abr. 1910-11 , 43). I; Hist. 358 the type survived till 115) show a bird, probably an eagle, on the top of the column, which, when first projected, was not intended to serve as Trajan’s tomb, though the change of object had come before its erection had actually begun.6 So PI.

. 16. I ; Tac. It disappeared between 1560 and 1570. 229-258; SScR 142-150 (and esp. The semi-circular space in front of this hemicycle was paved with white marble and surrounded with a colonnade decorated with gilt bronze trophies.Still higher, on the upper level of the Quirinal, is a series of halls, now occupied by the barracks of the Milizia, approached by steps from the forum level (Ann.

), and a vivid picture is given of the astonishment of the Emperor Constantius on the occasion of his visit to it in 356 A.D. (Amm. 544-545); here Hadrian burned the notes of debtors to the state (Hist. ), who is said to have built it to show the depth of excavation of his forum, and for his sepulchre. citt. The complex of the Forum, inaugurated in 112 AD, was a celebration of the triumph of the Emperor Trajan over the Daci barbarians, people who lived in the regions of present day Romania. . 2132; Cassiod. ), although the latter adjective is not actually applied to it in the few extant references in ancient literature.It is built of Parian marble. 5. xvii. 26.

Cf. 33), belonged to this wall (Bartoli, in Mem. In the past it was believed that an enormous temple had been built to celebrate the deified Trajan and Plotina (and not as a “traditional” divinity as had always been the case). Although the walls of the forum of Trajan and the forum of Augustus seem to have been separated by a short distance, they must have been connected by a wide avenue at least, and thus Caesar’s plan of connecting the forum Romanum and the campus Martius (Cic. The American Institute for Roman Culture | All Rights Reserved | Apoll. Within Trajan’s Forum there is no temple, a building which is present in all the other Imperial Fora. The Forum of Trajan, also known as Forum Ulpium, is the largest and most monumental of the Imperial Forums of Rome, and the last in chronological order.. SHORT HISTORY. 1906, 368), it was found that a hole had been cut through the travertine foundation. 7; Alex. ), took place here. 9), and Aurelian burned the lists of the proscribed (Hist.

8, 24); also called bibliotheca templi Traiani (: κατεσκεῦασε δὲ (Trajan)καὶ βιβλίωνἀποθήκας). 5:adhuc Romae a Domitiano coepta forum atque alia multa plusquam magnificecoluit ornavitque, which may perhaps mean that the work was planned and possibly begun by Domitian; see S. Sculpt. The forum is represented on coins (Cohen, Traj.

f. P. Arndt, 29, who attributes them to Hadrian, and in On one of the fragments of the Marble Plan (FUR frg. 1922, 303-305, but seems to him as unsatisfactory as other previous suggestions.5 As Lehmann-Hartleben points out, the earlier coins (Cohen, ib. 2. The architectural fragments now visible in the forum have not been properly assigned to its various parts (). Apoll. Some of the original pavement of white marble is still in situ (Lesueur, La Basilica Ulpienne, restauration executee en 1823, Paris 1878; cf. Chron. This consisted of a row of ten columns, probably of yellow marble, in the line of the wall, with six others in front on three projecting platforms. The square was paved with about three thousand rectangular slabs of white marble.The Basilica Ulpia, whose name derives from the emperor’s nobility, closed the north-western side of the square with its long side. 9; 27. Apollodorus of Damascus was the architect (Dio , 69.4.1). For restorations, see Richter e Grifi, Ristauro del Foro Traiano, Rome 1839; Canina, Edifizi ii. ff. The little church of S. Nicolas de Columna at the base of the column is mentioned as early as 1029-32 (HCh 394-396). The nave itself was 25 metres wide, and the total length of the rectangle, without the apses, about 130. Built of ornamental brick with travertine trimmings, it consists principally of two stories of chambers abutting directly against the side of the Quirinal hill (II. These columns supported an entablature and attics on which stood quadrigae and statues of triumphatores. Aug. Hadr. pls. On each side was a smaller arch; and the three entrances corresponded to those of the basilica Ulpia. 42-44; Hist. 25-26; Not. 39.